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What is sushi? The classification of Sushi and sashimi

Sushi and sashimi are not a strange dish for Vietnamese people, especially young people. However, it is difficult to clearly distinguish these 2 items. So what is Sushi? What are the basic types of sushi and how to distinguish the difference between sushi and sashimi?

What is sushi?

Sushi is a mix of vinegar and served with seafood: fish eggs, raw fish, vegetables, seaweed … When eating sushi, people often use seaweed to cover or wrap outside.

For Japanese people, sushi is considered to be the main dish in the meal (like the rice dish of Vietnamese people). However, when developed abroad, the role of the main dish is not so obvious.

Sushi is one of the symbols of Japanese food culture. This dish is a long-standing origin (about 1300 years). So far, sushi variations have been up to hundreds of items. Each type of sushi is carefully crafted. Small details: size, color, location, etc. are carefully and beautifully noticed.

Sushi là gì?
What is sushi?

How to eat sushi properly

Although creating hundreds of different types of sushi, however, when eating, sushi still only has the most basic and delicious way of eating, it is served with soy sauce, pickled ginger and mustard. In it, the soy sauce is richer, the spicy mustard added and ginger is used to “clean” the taste after each sushi. Serve with ginger, you can enjoy many more sushi without worrying about taste.

With a history of thousands of years of development, sushi now has many different types. However, sushi has 6 basic types: Makimono, Nigirizushi, Chirashizushi, Gunkan, Oshizushi, Temaki.

What is Makimono sushi?

Makimono is a familiar sushi roll and is the most common type of sushi today. Sushi Makimon is made of seafood, vegetables wrapped with rice and vinegar and covered with a piece of seaweed. Sushi Makimono has a long cylindrical shape (like kimbap). When eating, both the sushi bar will be cut into many small chunks to fit into the mouth and easy to grab.

Makimono sushi
Makimono sushi

What is Nigirizushi (Nigiri sushi)?

Nigirizushi is not a sushi roll like Makimono. Nigirizushi is a type of sushi with ingredients including a small handful of vinegar mixed rice below. Above is a slice of seafood added with small onions or grated ginger.

Because the slices of fish meat above are usually wide, covering all the rice balls, Nigirizushi is a kind of sushi that is easily confused with sashimi.

Nigiri sushi
Nigiri sushi

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Chirashizushi

Chirashizushi is not classified into small pieces like Makimono or Nigirizushi. Chirashizushi comes in the form of a bowl of rice on the top, which are meat, fish, fish eggs, seaweed, vegetables … sliced ​​into thin slices.

Chirashi sushi
Chirashi sushi

Gunkan 

Gunkan is the type of sushi that is surrounded by seaweed. However, the interior is divided into 2 floors. Downstairs is rice mixed with vinegar, the upper floor is seafood meat and eggs: salmon eggs, cod eggs, crab eggs, …

Gunkan sushi
Gunkan sushi

Oshizushi 

Oshizushi is a type of sushi pressed in a wooden mold. When eating, cut into small pieces. The composition of sushi Oshizushi is 2 layers of rice sandwiched with a filling. The top side may have an additional slice of thin seafood.

Oshi sushi
Oshi sushi

Temaki 

Temaki is a form of sushi with a cone shape. The ingredients of this type of sushi include rice mixed with vinegar, seafood and seaweed. However, the seaweed leaves are wrapped into a cone.

Temaki sushi
Temaki sushi

What is sashimi?

Sashimi is also a special dish of Japan. The main ingredient of sashimi is freshly sliced ​​fresh seafood, served with grated radish and perilla leaves.

Sashimi is not the main dish like sushi. Sashimi is considered an appetizer in Japanese meals. Because they think that, if they eat later or eat the same dishes, the taste of those dishes will overwhelm or lose the taste of sashimi. Therefore, to enjoy sashimi in a delicious, right way, eat sashimi first. However, Sashimi can also be used as a main dish when served with rice and miso soup.

Sashimi là gì?
What is sashimi?

How to enjoy sashimi

Sashimi is made from many different types of seafood. Each type of seafood made into sashimi will have another name. Sashimi Maguro is made of tuna; Ebi sashimi is made of shrimp; sashimi saba is made of mackerel; Ika sashimi is made of squid; sashimi tako is made of octopus.

Sashimi in addition to eating with sliced ​​radish and perilla, the special of this dish also indispensable mustard, soy sauce and ginger. Eating sashimi properly is to keep the seafood in the soy sauce then add mustard. When eating, you must feel the spicy taste of mustard before, then the bold taste of soy sauce and finally the sweetness of seafood. When chewing, all of them blend together, creating a characteristic taste of sashimi.

Both sushi and sashimi are beautifully shaped and decorated. Enjoying these 2 dishes has become a trend, a distinctive style. So in every restaurant, the hotel serves sushi and sashimi. This is also one of the common dishes in buffet parties and cocktails.

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